Luzon Peacock Butterfly
By Dan Heller
The Luzon Peacock Butterfly is found in the Philippines. It is threatened by commercial collecting, habitat loss and an increase in the human population.
By Carole Thomas
Due to over-fishing the Atlantic halibut population has been wiped out in many areas.
By Lezley Blackburn
In Scotland the Capercaillie population has declined from 10,000 pairs in the 1960’s to fewer than 1000 birds in 1999, mainly because of deer fencing, predation and lack of suitable habitat.
By Kevin O’Hara
In London, sparrow numbers fell by 60% between 1994 and 2004 mainly because of air pollution and poor nutrition.
By Mandy Cook
Hawksbill Sea Turtle
By Vera Proudlove
The population of the Hawksbill sea turtle has declined by 80% in the last 100 years, partly due to its shell being used for decoration. It is now being threatened by pollution and coastal development near its nesting sites.
By Hugh Lupton
The Jewelled Chameleon (Furcifer Campani) is only found in Madagascar. It is threatened because its habitat is affected by an annual cycle of burning in order to clear for agricultural production. Export of chameleons is now banned, after exports peaked in 1994 when over five thousand were removed from the island – however some may still be being collected.
African Wild Dog
By Bev Broadhead
African wild dogs are killed by farmers, caught in illegal snares set by poachers meant to catch other game and die from diseases passed on from domestic dogs. Habitat loss also contributes to depleted numbers.
By Joanna Elston
Blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) are found in all oceans except the Arctic. 360 thousand whales were slaughtered due to mass commercial whaling from the 1900s to 1960s, until protection from the International Whaling Commission came in to force in 1966. However they are still under threat from impacts with large ships, entanglement in fishing gear, whale watching harassment, ocean noise and climate change.
By Cathy Lamb
The Common Skate (Dipturus Batis) is critically endangered. Decades of overfishing have damaged miles of its seabed habitat and its large size means that it can be caught in fishing nets even when it is newborn. Since 2009 all Common Skate caught in the EU must be returned to the sea where possible.